Thank you to all those who joined us for the ninth annual “Transforming Transportation” event at the World Bank in Washington, D.C. on January 26-27, 2012.
Or browse the full archive on Slideshare:
This year’s conference focused on big ideas to scale up sustainable transport best practices in cities worldwide. In previous years, we highlighted challenges facing urban transport and key projects that were good examples to emulate. The aim in 2012 was to reflect briefly on past successes and ongoing challenges of implementing sustainable urban transport and development, and then to turn our attention to scaling up for the future. We gave special attention to finance from private sources, national government programs and international development agencies.
The World Bank
1818 H Street NW
Online registration closed on Monday, January 23 at 12:00 p.m.
The plenary session on Day 1 will discuss the future of the city.
Future of the City: Challenges of Scaling Up Good Practices in Urban Transport
Financing National Transit: Getting More Countries to Develop Improved and Comprehensive Public Transport Systems
Overcoming Challenges of Integrating Urban Transport Systems: Institutionalizing Public Participation to Scale Up Successful Integrated Transport Systems
Bicycling and Walking: Achieving Greater Non-Motorized Mode Share
New Private Finance: Private Sector Finance of Transport Infrastructure
Towards a Green Economy: Prioritizing “Avoid, Shift, Improve” Solutions When Scaling Sustainable Transport
Tribute to Dr. Leon “Lee” Schipper
On Day 2 we will look beyond the transport sector for inspiration on how to scale up best practices. Sessions will include moderated panel discussions and rapid presentations of innovative ideas.
Innovations in Scaling Up: Lessons Available for the Transport Sector from the Education, Energy, Technology and Health Sectors
Sustainable Urban Development & Transport – Achieving a Joint Agenda
Health & Road Safety: Scaling Capacity-Building
SLoCaT Rio+20 Initiative
Communications and Marketing: Getting from here to there in transit and road safety
Climate Change and Transport: What’s Next?
Transforming Transportation 2012 was open to the public. Our guests included about 300 of the world’s leading transport and urban development experts from national and local governments, multi-development banks, foundations, civil society organizations, research institutions, and private companies and associations.
Brought to you by EMBARQ, The World Bank, Inter-American Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, Institute for Transportation Development and Policy, Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities, and the Partnership for Sustainable Low Carbon Transport.
+Click on a speaker's name for bio and presentation info.
Additional speakers and presenters to be confirmed.
Session 1A: Overcoming Challenges of Integrating Urban Transport Systems; Presenters: Lake Sagaris, Federico von Buchwald, Guillermo Dietrich, Juan Pablo Bocarejo, Amit Bhatt; Moderator: Juan Carlos Munoz; Commentator: Shomik Mehndiratta
+Click on a speaker's name for bio and presentation info.
Additional speakers and presenters to be confirmed.
Session 2A: Sustainable Urban Development & Transport – How to Achieve a Joint Agenda; Presenter: Mauricio Facio Lince Prada; Moderator: Toni Lindau; Commentators: Somik Lall, Ralph Gakenheimer, Sanjay Shridar
Session 2B: Health & Road Safety – Scaling Capacity-Building; Presenters: Matts-Åke Belin, Suzanne Andersson, Mike Watson, Claudia Adriazola; Moderator: Clayton Lane; Commentators: Tawia Addo Ashong , Jamie Leather, Esteban Diez Roux
Session 3B: Climate Change – What’s Next? How do we bring solutions to scale? Reflections from developing countries; Presenters: Andreas Kopp, Jennifer Morgan; Moderator: Heather Allen; Panelists: Walter Vergara, Daniel Bongardt, María del Socorro Flores Liera, Ned Helme, Holger Dalkmann
+Click on a speaker's name to see bio and presentation info.
Director, Health and Road Safety Program
Claudia Adriazola joined EMBARQ in May 2008 as Latin America Deputy Director. As the Director of the Health & Road Safety Program, she now focuses on the global strategy for addressing the public health impact that comes from urban transportation and urban development specifically, but not exclusively, in terms of road safety, air quality, physical activity, quality of life, stress and the economic impact.
Claudia has held different managerial positions in the Peruvian public sector. She was the Executive Manager of the National Council of Road Safety in the Ministry of Transport. After her studies in Transport Management in Germany, she was appointed as General Director of Land Transportation in the Ministry of Transport in Peru. She has been the Legal Manager of the Headquarters of the Superintendence of Public Registries, an agency of the Ministry of Justice. Prior to returning to graduate school in the United States, Claudia worked as Public/Private Partnership Specialist and Legal Adviser in PROINVERSION, an agency of the Ministry of Economics.
Claudia graduated as a lawyer in her hometown of Arequipa, Peru. She was trained in Germany in Transport Management and in 2008 graduated with an Executive Master of Public Administration and a Master of Arts in International Relations from the Maxwell School of Public Administration at Syracuse University, New York, in the United States.
Urban Transport Adviser
O.P. Agarwal is the Urban Transport Adviser at the World Bank. He assists and advises all urban transport projects of the World Bank, across all regions.
For nearly 30 years, he was a member of the civil service in India and as one his assignments he headed the urban transport division of the Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India. He was the key author of India’s National Urban Transport Policy and also developed a five year action plan for improving urban mobility in Indian cities over the 11th five year plan.
He was also the Managing Director of the Urban Mass Transit Company, a joint venture company in India, engaged in developing sustainable urban mobility solutions. He has a master’s degree in Transportation and a Bachelor’s degree in Electrical Engineering.
Programme Director Sustainable Transport, Transportation Division
Transport Research Laboratory (TRL)
Road Safety Manager
Traffic and Public Transport Authority
Suzanne Andersson, M.Sc.Civ.Eng. has worked at the Traffic & Public Transport Authority since 2005, focusing on traffic safety issues. As Road Safety Manager, Mrs Andersson is responsible for the strategic traffic safety planning in City of Gothenburg. Her work includes infrastructure measures, procurement requirements and accident data analysis. She is also responsible for contact with media, industry and academy in the field of road safety. Previously she has worked as a consultant for twenty years in road design and traffic planning, six years as head of departments for road design, traffic planning and landscaping.
Strategic Communications & Marketing Manager
Ethan is EMBARQ's Strategic Communications & Marketing Manager, who works on a variety of projects, including communications strategy, planning, and multimedia marketing.His interests include non-motorized transportation, walkable communities, and sustainable urban design.
Prior to becoming the Information and Innovation Specialist for EMBARQ, Ethan was EMBARQ's Communications Specialist, during which time he was founder and editor of TheCityFix.com. He joined EMBARQ in January 2007. Prior to working with EMBARQ, he conducted research for the World Resources Report, the World Resources Institute's flagship publication.
Global Road Safety Facility
World Resources Institute
Manish Bapna is the acting president of the World Resources Institute. He joined WRI as its executive vice president and managing director in 2007. His interests and expertise are in international development with a particular focus on rural poverty and natural resources. Bapna chairs WRI’s management and executive teams and oversees the impact and quality of program strategies. Under his leadership, the institute has developed a five-year strategic plan, redesigned its managing for results system and deepened its engagement in China and India.
Previously, he was the executive director of the nonprofit Bank Information Center (BIC), whose mission is to protect rights and promote sustainability in the projects and policies of international financial institutions. Bapna presided over considerable growth at BIC, including sizable increases in staff, funding and influence, especially in developing countries.
Bapna has also served as a senior economist and task team leader at the World Bank, where he led multidisciplinary teams in designing and implementing water, watershed, and rural development projects in Asia and Latin America. Several of the projects he helped develop received “excellence awards” by the Bank and were highly rated in independent evaluations.
His experience in international development also includes advisory roles at Seva Mandir (a leading grassroots nonprofit in India) and Women’s World Banking (a microfinance support organization). Earlier, he worked as a strategy consultant for McKinsey & Company in the financial services and technology industries.
Road Safety Expert
Swedish Transport Authority
Matts-Åke Belin has worked for the Swedish Government since 1990 on road safety issues. His primary focus has been on road safety policies and strategies. Mr Belin has a BA degree in political sciences from the University of Uppsala, Sweden. Since 2001 he is also a part-time PhD student at the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, Sweden, where he is working on a thesis on road safety policies and strategies. During 2006, Mr Belin served as a visiting academic at the Accident Research Centre at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia.
Mr Belin joined the World Health Organization in early 2007, and works as a Scientist for the Unintentional Injury Prevention Team (UIP). He assists in coordinating various road safety activities as part of the UN Road Safety Collaboration, promoting capacity building at national and local levels and supporting Regional Advisers in the development of road safety plans.
Senior Transportation Specialist
Amit Bhatt is a Senior Transportation Specialist at CST-India. He has about 10 years of professional experience in the field of transport planning, public transport system planning, traffic engineering, road safety and architecture.
Amit has considerable exposure to technical studies (feasibility studies, detailed project reports etc), bid documentation, bid process management, capacity building and business development. Most recently, he worked at an urban mass transport company and was the project manager for BRT projects in Surat and Rajkot and city bus service projects in a half dozen Indian cities.
Universidad de Los Andes
Juan Pablo Bocarejo is professor at Universidad de Los Andes in Bogota, Colombia in the transportation field and the director of the Research Centre on Urban and Regional Sustainability (SUR), which develops projects in road safety, transport economics, policy, transport and traffic modelling, equity issues related to mobility, environmental impacts as well as land use and mobility.
He is a civil engineer by training, with a PhD degree from University Paris Est. He has 15 years experience in urban transport and regional development projects. As a consultant he participated in the development of a range of projects leading to improvements in the transportation system and in Bogota and other Latin American cities, with a strong focus on sustainability. He has participated in projects such as improvements to public transport through BRT development, Bicycle Master Plans and cultural and behavioural change programs.
Juan Pablo Bocarejo is currently assistant professor at the University of Los Andes in Bogotá and head of the transportation group. He is a Civil Engineer with 18 year experience mainly in urban public transport and road infrastructure projects.
Transport Policy Advisor
German Technical Cooperation (GIZ)
Daniel Bongardt is Transport Policy Advisor and works on sustainable transport and climate change policies at the German Technical Cooperation (GIZ). His experience covers transport policy and planning, international climate policy, impact assessment, energy-efficiency policies, public transport organization and sustainable urban transport. Before he joined GTZ, he worked for 8 years at the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy especially on public transport, energy efficiency, transport planning and China. He coordinated several European Union Projects funded by Europe Aid Cooperation Office and worked in many countries in Europe and Asia.
President, Metrovía Foundation
Vice-President, Latin American Association of Integrated Systems and BRT (SIBRT)
Transforming Transportation 2012 Presentation:
Expanding Metrovia BRT and Feeder Service in Guayaquil, Ecuador
Director of EMBARQ
Holger Dalkmann has fifteen years of experience working in the field of transport, sustainability and climate change. He joined WRI in 2011 as the director for its EMBARQ program, which catalyzes environmentally and financially sustainable transport solutions to improve quality of life in cities. He provides strategic leadership and management for EMBARQ’s global staff and partners, as well as direction for its fundraising and communication activities. Holger joins WRI with a strong background in business development, research, and policy in the transport and environment sectors.
Formerly he worked as Programme Director for Sustainable Transport and Climate Change at TRL, a world renowned research and consultancy company with more than 450 people, where he was responsible for leading the business in his chosen field with a remit for business development, strategic planning and representation at the highest level.
During his professional career he has established a strong network in the field of transport, sustainable development and climate change multilateral development banks (World Bank, Asian Development Bank, Inter-American cooperating, working with key UN organisations like UNEP, UNESCAP, UNHABITAT, UNDESA and UNFCCC; Development Bank); foundations like Volvo Foundation, Nippon Foundation, Volkswagen Stiftung; bilateral aid organisations (German Technical Cooperation (GTZ)); private companies (automobile industry, public transport, rail industry); non-governmental organisations; and academia.
Through his work at TRL and for ten years at the Wuppertal Institute for Energy, Climate and Environment (Germany), a world respected think tank, Holger developed new areas of expertise and established his teams as centres of excellence (e.g. mobility management, public transport KPI, Strategic Environmental Assessment; Transport and Climate Change). The most recent success was founding the Bridging the Gap Initiative – a cooperation between different of organisations from aid agencies to private sector – which has provided a solid source for funding for TRL, as well as high level policy advice. He is also one of the co-founders of the Partnership on Sustainable Low Carbon Transport (SloCAT), where he is one of the driving forces in terms of network development, as well as intellectual and technical input.
Undersecretary of Transportation
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Transport and Communications Division
East Asia Department
Asian Development Bank
Transport Team Leader
International Energy Agency
Professor of Urban Planning, Emeritus
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Sector Manager, Urban Development and Local Government Unit
Abha Joshi-Ghani heads the Urban Development and Local Government Unit in the Finance, Economics and Urban Development Department (FEU). She oversees the World Bank's work on Urban Policy and the Knowledge and Learning practice of the Bank in the Urban Sector. The Unit provides advisory services to the Bank’s regional departments and clients on key urban themes such as urban housing and land, urban planning, management and municipal finance, urban environment, cities and climate change, urban poverty, cultural heritage and sustainable tourism development and local and city economic development. She also led the development of the World Bank's new Urban Strategy (2009).
Senior Policy Adviser
Dutch Cycling Embassy
Tom Godefrooij is a sustainable transport specialist. After graduating in 1975 with a degree in architecture, he worked for several years as a practicing architect. In 1981 he joined the Dutch Cyclists’ Union to create a publication on traffic calming. Subsequently, he became policy director of the Dutch Cyclists’ Union and worked with virtually all aspects of cycling, ranging from road safety and infrastructure design and policy development to technical standards for vehicles and equipment.
From 1996 to 1999 Mr. Godefrooiji served as president of the European Cyclists’ Federation (ECF), and in 2000 he became program director for Velo Mondial 2000, the international cycling conference in Amsterdam.
In 2001 Mr. Godefrooij took up office with the Dutch province of Noord-Brabant to become project manager for the drafting of the Provincial Traffic and Transport Plan. This plan defines the roles of the various modes of transport in the transport system, as well as provides a framework for the transport policies of the municipal governments in the province. The plan was approved in 2006.
From 2006 to 2011 Mr. Godefrooij was employed by Interface of Cycling Expertise (I CE), with responsibilities centering on capacity building activities in the field of cycling-inclusive policy development. In this capacity he worked in India, South Africa, Tanzania, Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Brazil, Colombia, Israel and Turkey.
Mr. Godefrooij is currently senior policy adviser at the newly created Dutch Cycling Embassy.
United Nations Department for Economic and Social Affairs (UN-DESA)
Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP)
Ned Helme is the founder and president of the Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP). As a leading expert on climate and air policy, he advises Members of Congress, state and international governments, the European Commission and developing countries on these issues.
A noted speaker and facilitator, Ned is the author of more than 50 key studies on climate change, air quality, electricity regulation, and transportation policy. He has testified before Congress and international bodies, appeared on numerous U.S. and international TV news programs and is frequently quoted in the Washington Post, NY Times and other publications. With more than thirty years experience in climate and air policy, Ned has a broad and deep understanding of cap-and-trade programs and other market and nonmarket approaches to addressing climate change.
Ned played an instrumental role in the development and passage of the Clean Air Act Amendments in 1990, which established the first national emissions trading program in the U.S. He was also a driving force behind the Decin Project in the Czech Republic, the first project in the world which used carbon credits to finance the switch of a coal-fired heating plant to natural gas and efficiency, and led stakeholder discussions that produced the design of the Clean Development Mechanism. Ned also led the expert team that developed the original design of the European Union’s Emissions Trading Scheme.
Through his work in China, Mexico and other developing countries, Ned has pioneered the concept of focusing developing country actions and international finance in key industrial sectors, a concept that is central to the Cancun agreements reached December 2010 at the UN.
He serves on the Executive Committee of the Natural Academy of Sciences Transportation Research Board, has taught as an adjunct lecturer at Johns Hopkins Krieger School of Arts and Sciences and previously served on the advisory board of BP’s renewable energy subsidiary.
Prior to starting CCAP, Ned directed the Natural Resources Division of the National Governors Association and was a legislative director to a U.S. Congressman where he played a major role in U.S. legislation to regulate coal strip mining and project wilderness areas in West Virginia.
Deputy Executive Director
Salvador Herrera has over 8 years of experience, working in urban development and city planning in Mexico, the United States and Spain. He has served as the Director of Chihuahua´s Planning Agency.
Ward 57, Cape Town
Director for Research and Practice
Dr. Hidalgo manages the EMBARQ Network’s international team of transport engineers and environmental scientists.
He has more than 20 years of experience as a transport expert, consultant, and government official. He was Deputy General Manager of TRANSMILENIO S.A., Bogotá’s renowned Bus Rapid Transit system. As a consultant for international agencies and local governments, Dr. Hidalgo has taken part in projects and taught training courses on sustainable urban transport in multiple countries across Latin America, Asia and Africa.
He has also been a graduate-level lecturer in urban planning and is the author of more than 55 publications and conference presentations, including an extensive review of bus systems in developing countries.
He holds both Ph.D.and M.S.degrees in Transportation Planning from Ohio State University, and a Civil Engineering degree from Universidad de los Andes, Colombia. He lives with his family in Bogotá, Colombia.
Partnership on Sustainable Low Carbon Transport (SLoCaT)
Transport, Water and ICT Department
The World Bank
Mr. Irigoyen is the Director for the Transport, Water, Information and Communications Technologies Department in the Sustainable Development Network (SDN). Before this position, he has been the Senior Manager for the Sustainable Development Department of the Africa Region between November 2008 and December 2010, supporting the Director in managing a portfolio close to $25 billion in commitments across the Africa region and the agriculture, energy, environment, social, transport, urban, water and sanitation and water resource management practices. He joined the Bank in 1990 as a Highway Engineer in the Latin America and Caribbean Region Infrastructure & Energy Division, where he held positions of increasing responsibilities. In 2001 he became the Transport Sector Manager of the Latin America and Caribbean Region. In that capacity he spearheaded the expansion of the urban transport agenda and pioneered work on public-private partnerships in transport concessions and performance-based contracts. He led a Bank-wide team of specialists charged with the development and dissemination of the Tool Kit on Public Private Partnerships in Highways. He currently is the Head of the Global Expert Team on Public Private Partnerships.
Director, Markets & Enterprise Program
World Resources Institute
Kirsty leads the WRI Markets and Enterprise Program which focuses on harnessing markets and enterprise to expand opportunity and protect the environment. The program has two key objectives. New Ventures is WRI’s center for environmental entrepreneurship helping environmentally-focused small and medium enterprises in six key emerging markets compete in a global economy. Environmental Intelligence for Tomorrow’s Markets seeks to influence how companies and financial markets identify, evaluate and manage environmental risks and opportunities and includes the Aqueduct project for measuring and mapping water risk. Kirsty also chairs WRI’s Business Group to co-ordinate the Institute’s activities with the private sector.
Director of the Energy, Resources and Environment (ERE) Program
The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), Johns Hopkins University
Former professor and/or researcher at Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service, Brookhaven National Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Boston University and the University of Massachusetts; was special adviser on energy and climate and vice president of Research and Evaluation at The Rockefeller Foundation and was vice president for Science and Research at the World Resources Institute.
Served in the U.S. Department of Energy as deputy assistant secretary for International Energy Policy, Trade and Investment and senior adviser to the secretary of Energy; led U.S. bilateral relationships with all major energy producing and consuming nations, and represented the United States as vice chairman of the Governing Board of the International Energy Agency in Paris and lead delegate to the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Energy Working Group; as senior energy and science adviser to USAID, worked in Latin America, South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa on energy policies to ensure equity, environmental sustainability, energy technology innovation and infrastructure investment; testified before Congress on energy and environmental issues; Ph.D., applied physics, Harvard University.
Sector Manager, Transport Division
Energy, Transport and Water Department
The World Bank
Marc Juhel became Sector Manager of the Transport Division, in the Energy, Transport and Water Department in May 2007. Previously, he was Lead Transport Specialist in the Bank’s central Transport Division. His specific areas of expertise are the development planning of port facilities, the economic, financial and institutional aspects of transport systems administration and management, and the integration of national logistics functions within the international transport system, focusing in particular on transport and trade facilitation issues.
Beside providing operational support to transport projects undertaken with World Bank financing, his duties as co-leader of the Ports, Rail, Aviation and Logistics (PRAL) Thematic Group of the Bank, and as co-manager of the Trade Logistics Group established between the Bank Trade and Transport Departments, entailed a close follow-up on the managerial and technical developments in the transport industry, as well as in the field of supply chain management and related logistic activities. Under his leadership, the Global Facilitation Partnership for Transportation and Trade (GFP) was created in 1999. The GFP is a global forum and collaborative tool with the UN Trade Facilitation Network of Partners and Practitioners and Policy-Makers in trade and transport facilitation activities. Led by the World Bank (ETWTR-PRMTR), the GFP aims at pulling together public and private, national and international interested parties who want to achieve significant improvements in transport and trade facilitation in World Bank member countries. He is also a sitting member of the GFP Steering Committee.
Mr. Juhel joined the World Bank in 1992 as a Port Specialist. He previously spent 11 years with a French Consulting Group, as a project manager then as Head of the Ports and Inland Waterways Department. In this capacity, he managed port and maritime development projects in about 25 countries, and had been teaching at the Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, Paris, and at the Le Havre University. Before this period he spent two years in Ivory Coast as adviser to the Director of Port and Industrial Affairs in the Marine Ministry, and two years as Head of the Infrastructure Projects Department in Mayotte, Comoros.
Senior Transport Advisor
Corporación Andina de Fomento (CAF)
Jorge H. Kogan is the senior transport advisor to the vice president of infrastructure at the Corporación Andina de Fomento (CAF). Mr. Kogan served as secretary of transportation of Argentina between 1999 and June 2001. He has more than 30 years of experience in the transportation field working for both the public and private sectors. He specialises in planning, management and operations as well as in the analysis of economic and regulatory issues affecting transportation and other public services. As vice president of Mercer Management Consulting, he directed projects related to privatizations and concessions in Uruguay, Brazil, Colombia, and South Africa, among other countries. He advised the governments of Poland, Mexico on several aspects concerning restructuring and privatization. In addition, he advised the House of Commons of the British Parliament regarding the privatization of the British Rail services.
Previously, he has been the director of the Railway Restructuring Unit (Government of Argentina and World Bank), where he was directly involved in the design of the strategy, preparation of the bidding process, and general management of the privatization of all commuter railway and subway services in Buenos Aires. He has been chairman of the board of Alíscafos; director of Aerolíneas Argentinas, chairman of the Prices and Tariff Committee of the Ministry of Public Works and Services, director National for Transportation Planning of Argentina. Mr. Kogan graduated from the School of Engineering, University of Buenos Aires. He also received a master of science degree with concentration on transportation from the University of London. In 1999, he was granted the Award of Excellence from the World Bank for his contribution to railway transformation efforts in several countries throughout the world.
Lead Transport Economist
Energy, Transport and Water Department
The World Bank
The World Bank
Chief Operating Officer
Prior to joining EMBARQ, Mr. Lane co-founded and directed PhillyCarShare, the non-profit organization that provides environmentally friendly “cars by the hour” from hundreds of neighborhood locations in Philadelphia. Under his leadership, the organization helped remove about 20,000 cars, reduce driving by 50 million miles, and save about 4 million gallons of gas.
Mr. Lane has also served as a Professional Associate and Lead Planner for Parsons Brinckerhoff, where he became a recognized expert in transit planning and FTA New Starts projects. He designed rail and bus facilities and services; developed operating cost models; projected ridership; led long-range planning efforts; assessed regional land use impacts; and taught “best practices” regarding the same.
Larson manages the $125M Bloomberg Global Road Safety Program in ten countries and provides technical assistance and support to implementing partners of the Bloomberg Initiative to Reduce Tobacco Use. Prior to joining Bloomberg Philanthropies in August 2008, Kelly managed local, national and international public health programs with the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, National Hemophilia Foundation, the United Nations Development Program, and was a Peace Corps Volunteer on a remote outer island in the Federated States of Micronesia.
Senior Transport Specialist
Asian Development Bank
+632 632 6803
Jamie Leather is a Senior Transport Specialist in the Infrastructure Division, Regional and Sustainable Development Department of the Asian Development Bank. Mr. Leather obtained his master of science in transport planning and engineering from the Institute of Transport Studies, Leeds University and a bachelor of arts in human geography from Leeds University in the United Kingdom. Mr. Leather has over 20 years of experience in transport planning, 15 years of which were spent in Asia. Mr. Leather has extensive experience in transport-related matters and policy development, especially urban transport and public-private partnership approaches to project delivery and integrated transport policy. Mr. Leather is a committee member of ADB's Transport Community of Practice and also Lead of Urban Transport in the Urban Community of Practice.
President, Instituto Jaime Lerner
Former Mayor of Curitiba
Former Governor of Parana State, Brazil
WRI Board of Directors member
Jaime Lerner is an architect and urban planner and founder of the Instituto Jaime Lerner. Former president of the UIA-International Union of Architects, three-time mayor of Curitiba, Brazil, he led the urban revolution that made the city renowned for urban planning in public transportation, environment, and social programs. He served as governor of Parana State twice and conducted an urban and rural economic and social transformation. His international awards include the highest United Nations Environmental Award (1990), Child and Peace Award from UNICEF (1996), The 2001 World Technology Award for Transportation, and the 2002 Sir Robert Mathew Prize for the Improvement of Quality of Human Settlements.
Vice President for Sectors and Knowledge
Inter-American Development Bank
Mexican economist Santiago Levy Algazi became the Vice President for Sector and Knowledge on March 1, 2008. From August 2007 to Feburary 2008, he served as General Manager and Chief Economist for the IDB Research Department.
Previously, he was General Director at the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) from December 2000 to October 2005. Under his tenure, he promoted changes to the Social Security Act to increase transparency and accountability in IMSS finances and create long-term reserves.
From 1994 to 2000, Levy served as the Deputy Minister at the Ministry of Finance and Public Credit of Mexico, becoming the main architect of the renowned social program Progresa-Oportunidades that benefits the poor. He managed budgetary adjustments during the 1994-95 economic crisis and the 1998 fall in oil prices. Previous positions include President of the Federal Competition Commission and Director of the Economic Deregulation Program at the Ministry of Trade and Industrial Promotion.
Levy holds a Ph.D. in economics from Boston University and a Masters in political economy from the same university. He was a post-doctoral fellow at Cambridge University.
Levy has advised several governments and international organizations and has held several teaching positions, including faculty positions at the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo of Mexico and Boston University, where he was Associate Professor and Director of the Institute for Economic Development.
He is the author of at least 75 articles, monographs and book chapters on such diverse subjects as poverty reduction, competitiveness, foreign exchange policy, export imbalances, pricing, microeconomics and energy. His paper Poverty in Mexico won the 1992 National Research Prize in Economics awarded by the Bank of Mexico.
Other honors include the 1992 Latin American Economics Prize by El Trimestre Económico for the article "Tipos de Cambio Múltiples y Racionamiento de Divisas" (with Roberto Rosales); the Research Award of the World Bank for "Assessing the Mexico U.S. Free Trade Agreement" (with Anthony Venables and Sweder Van Wijnbergen); and Honorary Mention, 1986 National Research Prize in Economics by Banco Nacional de México for the article, "Respuestas de Corto Plazo ante Crisis de Divisas."
His recent published books are Good Intentions, Bad Outcomes: Social Policy, Informality and Economic Growth in Mexico, Brookings Institution Press, 2008; Progress against Poverty: Sustaining Mexico’s Progresa-Oportunidades Program, Brookings Institution Press, 2006; Sin Herencia de Pobreza, Editorial Planeta, 2005 (with Evelyne Rodríguez); and Ensayos sobre el Desarrollo Económico y Social de México, Fondo de Cultura Económica, Mexico, 2004.
Global Affairs Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mexico
María del Socorro Flores Liera has been a member of the Mexican Foreign Service since 1992, currently holding the Rank of Minister. Nowadays, she is Adviser for Climate Change Issues at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. She has been posted in the Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations in New York (1995–2000) and to the Permanent Mission of Mexico to the International Organisms in Vienna (2000–2001). Within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs she has occupied several posts in the Legal Advisor’s Office, the Vice Ministry for Multilateral Affairs and Human Rights and the Mexican Foreign Service Commission. She also has worked as Head of the Liaison Office of the United Nations International Criminal Court in New York. She has been member of the Mexican Delegation in several international meetings. She also represented Mexico in the case “Avena and other Mexican citizens” before the International Criminal Court.She holds a Bachelor of Laws at the Iberoamerican University (Mexico City) and a Masters of Laws at the National Autonomous University of Mexico.
Prof. Luis Antonio Lindau Ph.D. is the President and Director of EMBARQ Brasil. He led the development of the EMBARQ BRT Simulator that has already been applied to evaluate the operations and potential of BRT systems around the world. He is working on the promotion of BRT projects in Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro and Recife.
Prof. Lindau was one of the founders of ANPET, the Brazilian Association for Research and Education in Transportation. He served as ANPET´s president for two successive mandates (2002-2006). He implemented LASTRAN, the Laboratory for Transportation Systems of the School of Engineering at UFRGS, one of Brazil's top universities, where he teaches graduate and undergraduate transportation courses, coordinates research projects, and supervises master's and doctorate students in transportation engineering.
He has been working with the simulation of transit systems since his doctoral studies when he wrote a microscopic model capable of representing high-flow bus operations. Since then he has coordinated the work of several transit simulation project teams: SPTrans (São Paulo) for the Fura-Fila project, now Expresso Tiradentes; Metroplan (Porto Alegre) for Linha Rápida; Trensurb (Porto Alegre) for the suburban train operation; Coester (São Leopoldo) for Aeromóvel, an APM system.
He worked for the Brazilian Agency for Urban Transportation (EBTU) in the 1980s. EBTU coordinated the national and international actions that led to the implementation of high performance busways in several Brazilian cities. EBTU´s successful model of centralizing the coordination and promotion of regional wide public transportation policies was later transferred to other countries in Latin America such as Mexico and Venezuela, where Prof. Lindau trained staff working for local authorities.
Since 2006, he has been member of the Committee on Transportation in the Developing Countries (ABE90) of the Transportation Research Board (TRB). From 2003 to 2006 he was a member of the Director Council of the Brazilian Association for Public Transportation (ANTP). Prof. Lindau took post-doctorate leave at University College London, earned his Ph.D. in transportation from University of Southampton, and holds a bachelor's degree in civil engineering from UFRGS, Brazil.
Adriana Lobo brings more than 13 years of experience in urban and regional transport planning with an emphasis in transport modeling to CTS-Mexico. She has directed projects in Brazil, Mexico, Panama, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela and Chile and spent more than 6 years working as a Technical Director for the consulting firms Cal y Mayor y Asociados, S.C. and Transconsult, S.C.
Since 2004, Adriana has served as Director of CTS-México. Her main projects at CTS-Mexico include Metrobus, bicycle paths, pedestrian safety, and clean fuels clean vehicles projects in Mexico City and the wider metropolitan area; non-motorized mobility in León; and a sustainable transport system in Guadalajara.
Dr Ashwin Mahesh is a founder of the social technology firm, Mapunity, which built India's first city transport information system for the city of Bangalore. This platform was developed as a collaboration between researchers and public officials, and is now a model for replication across other Indian cities. Dr Mahesh is also the principal advisor to the government responsible for the creation of India's first direction oriented bus system in Bangalore, and the creator of India's first integrated traffic management centre.
Working with a team of technologists, designers, civic activists and others - and more recently with the professionals at EMBARQ India - Dr Mahesh put together a number of different initiatives in Bangalore that helped elevate the city to the prime position among Indian metros in tackling mobility challenges. For his work, Dr Mahesh was recognised as an Ashoka Fellow in 2009, and also won the Sustainable Urban Mobility Award, 2011, instituted by Volvo Buses in India.
Dr Mahesh is a member of the Agenda for Bangalore Infrastructure and Development (ABIDe) Task Force, and co-author of PlanBengaluru 2020, which proposed a new roadmap for planning and development in the region of our capital city. He is a researcher in public policy at IIM Bangalore, and a Senior Research Fellow at IISc. He is a member of various city, state and national committees for urban development issues. He is also an editor of India's largest public affairs magazine, India Together, which he co-founded in 1998.
Dr Mahesh has a PhD in Atmospheric Science, and an MS in Astronomy. After his doctorate, he worked six years at the NASA Goddard Earth Science and Technology Centre studying Antarctic and Arctic clouds, before returning to India in 2004. Since then, he has been working on urban administration and policy issues, as an applied researcher.
The Atlantic Cities
Senior Transport Specialist
The World Bank
Shomik Mehndiratta primarily supports the World Bank's urban transport portfolio in China working out of Beijing. In this capacity he leads a range of World Bank and GEF-financed investment engagements as well as policy and technical advice to the Chinese national and a number of local governments.
Manager, Latin American and Caribbean Transport Sector
Aurelio Menéndez is the World Bank's manager for the Latin American and Caribbean transport sector. As part of his duties he supervises key regional research and transport projects. Aurelio's experience spans many World Bank areas including East Asia Pacific's transport unit, where he was sector leader and senior transport economist. Aurelio holds doctoral degrees in road engineering from the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid and in urban planning from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
Director, Climate and Energy Program
World Resources Institute
Jennifer L. Morgan joined WRI as its Director of the Climate and Energy Program in September 2009. In this capacity, she oversees the Institute’s work on climate change issues and guides WRI strategy in helping countries, governments, and individuals take positive action toward achieving a zero-carbon future.
Morgan leads climate and energy program strategies, policy development and implementation for the institute and is responsible for day-to-day management of the 50+ person program. Under her leadership, the program is in the process of deepening its engagement in China, India and Brazil. In addition, Morgan is WRI’s lead representative at international climate meetings, including the UNFCCC negotiations. Prior to WRI, she worked at E3G from October 2006 until August 2009 as its Global Climate Change Director, where she led the organization’s climate change work on its full range of global activities. Ms. Morgan focused most of her time on EU relations with China and the United States and continued her long-standing involvement in the global discussions on the future of the climate regime post-2012. She remains a non-executive Board member of E3G.
Prior to joining E3G, Jennifer Morgan led the Global Climate Change Program of Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF), growing its climate program both in size and geography, with a focus on Asia Pacific. She joined WWF in July 1998 and headed its delegation to the Kyoto Protocol climate negotiations. Jennifer formulated and advocated climate change policies on the international and national level and directed WWF’s science, business and communications efforts, acting as chief spokesperson for the organization on climate change.
Before joining WWF, Ms. Morgan worked for the US Climate Action Network, a network of over 200 environmental groups worldwide with eight regional offices working on global climate change. She took a leave of absence from CAN in 1996 to accept a fellowship with the Robert Bosch Foundation in Germany. During her year in Germany she worked for the European Business Council for a Sustainable Energy Future and for the Federal Ministry of Environment, supporting the head of the German delegation to the UN climate change negotiations.
Department of Transport Engineering and Logistics, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
Juan Carlos Muñoz is Associate Professor of Transport Engineering and Logistics at the Pontifica Universidad Catolica de Chile, where he serves as Associate Dean of Academic Affairs in the School of Engineering. He received his Ph.D. in Civil and Environmental Engineering University of California at Berkeley in 2002 and MSc in Industrial Engineering and Operations Research from the same university in 2001. His research areas include transportation networks, traffic, logistics and public transport. He also focuses on the design of flexible work shifts for drivers of public transport and retail workers. From 2003 and 2004, Juan Carlos served as advisor to the Minister of Transport and Telecommunications for the Transantiago plan. He is a member of the Board of the Valparaiso Metro, belongs to the Chilean Society of Transport Engineering and Operations Research International Society of INFORMS, and is a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of the journal Transportation Research Board.
Climate Change Specialist
Inter-American Development Bank
Maria Netto is a Climate Change Specialist at the Sustainable Energy and Climate Change Unit of IDB, responsible for overseeing the teams working on carbon finance and adaptation. Before joining IDB was senior Climate Change Policy Advisor at UNDP were was responsible for policy and strategy development for integrating climate change in UNDP operations and for overseeing a global project to support 20 countries to assess investment and financial flows and policy options to address climate change across different sectors and economic activities.
Maria Netto worked for more than 10 years in the UNFCCC secretariat where, among others, was responsible for leading the study of the UNFCCC secretariat on assessment of investment and financial flows to address climate change (2007) and was part of the team setting up the institutional framework for the implementation of the CDM and JI.
NMT and TDM Program
Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP)
Bram van Ooijen has been working on NMT projects in Guangzhou and Lanzhou since mid-2010. Bike network planning, intersection designs and bike parking facilities are his main focus. In 2006 Bram lived in Guangzhou for three months and wrote a bicycle access plan for the BRT system in Guangzhou. Before being hired by ITDP, he was managing director of a small civil engineering consultancy firm in the Netherlands.
Over the last ten years, Madhav Pai, a civil engineer from Mumbai, has participated in several complex and innovative transport projects as a researcher, consultant and trainer.
He is the director of the EMBARQ India program. He has supported city authorities in Indore to develop various components of their city bus and bus rapid transit (BRT) systems. He has been involved in reviews, evaluations and studies of city bus and BRT systems in Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Colombo, Delhi, Jaipur, Naya Raipur, Pune and Surat. He has helped secure and manage grants for capacity-building activities from The World Bank and the British High Commission. He has published many academic papers since joining EMBARQ.
Prior to joining EMBARQ he was Regional Director at Citilabs, a transport planning software company, and headed operations in South Asia and Southeast Asia. He supported all activities in the region, including program development and technical support. He has delivered training courses on transport modeling in India, Hong Kong, Thailand, Malaysia and the United States. In the San Francisco Bay Area, he spent four year working at Dowling Associates Inc. managing and executing several transport planning, transport modeling and traffic engineering projects. As a researcher at the Institute of Transport Studies of the University of California, Berkeley, he was involved in assessing the short- and medium-term impacts of City Car Share on travel behavior in the City of San Francisco. In the summer of 2006, he participated in the early conceptualization and design of an open source multi-disciplinary MIS/GIS platform and design of the Bangalore Traffic Information System (BTIS), www.btis.in, at Mapunity, a social development startup in Bangalore.
He holds a master’s degree in transport planning from University of California, Berkeley and a bachelor's degree in civil engineering from the University of Mumbai.
Executive Director and Founder
Psychologist, city planner, for some a transportation expert. Carlos has devoted much of his professional life to providing advice on transport, and to a lesser extent a professor of psychology at issues of methodology, research and evaluation. Although previously only spent their free time to learn about the Slow philosophy, from 2010 decided it was imperative to create an organization to deal with doing research on this issue and apply the results in specific situations where it might be useful to this view. He is the Founder and Executive Director of Fundación Despacio.
The Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities (CAI-Asia)
Business Engagement in Climate and Technology
World Resources Institute
In addition to leading the Green Power Market Development Group (US), Alex helps drive WRI’s expanding work in renewable energy. Alex has over ten years of experience in energy policy, finance, and the private sector. Most recently, he helped found Seahorse Power (now called Bigbelly Solar), a renewable energy company with a mission of developing innovative new solar energy products that will help reduce transportation related emissions.
Prior to Seahorse Power, Alex worked at the Natural Resources Defense Council, where he participated on Governor Pataki’s Greenhouse Gas Task Force. He also served on two advisory committees that invested in over $7 million in renewable energy R&D projects in New York City and Long Island. Before going to NRDC, Alex was a Financial Analyst at the investment bank Bear, Stearns and Co. Inc. where he helped to structure over $1 billion in municipal financing in the utility sector. He has also served as the Program Director for the New York Energy Efficiency Council, an organization that represented Energy Service Companies (ESCOs) in New York State electric deregulation proceedings.
Division Head, Head of Centre,Research Centre/Statistics
International Transport Forum (ITF)
Sri Lanka Country Director
Asian Development Bank
An Italian national, Alessandro has worked with the ADB for twelve years. Previous positions within the bank include country economist for Sri Lanka in 1997-1998 and chief economist for Vietnam. Before joining the ADB, he taught macroeconomics and development economics for nine years at Bocconi University in Milan. He was also with the United Nations’ Economic Commission for Latin America in Santiago, Chile, as well as the UNICEF in Peru and Argentina and UNDP in the Dominican Republic during the 1980s.
El Secretario de Gobierno Municipal
Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities (CAI-Asia) Center
Sophie Punte is the Executive Director of the Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities (CAI-Asia) Center in Manila, and works with government agencies and other organizations to improve air quality and reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the transport, energy and other sectors and make Asian cities more livable. Through previous positions with UNEP, and engineering firm and the accounting firm KPMG, she gained extensive experience in energy and GHG management and corporate social responsibility with industry in Asia and multinational corporations. Sophie holds a Master of Science (Biology) and a Master of Environmental Management from the Netherlands.
Global Policy Director and Founder
Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
In 1984-85, Michael Replogle brought together the small group who initiated ITDP. He nurtured ITDP as its volunteer President for more than 20 years until July 2009, when he joined ITDP’s staff as Global Policy Director.
He cofounded and coordinated ITDP’s Bikes Not Bombs Campaign from 1984-89, recycling 10,000 bicycles to support health and education in Nicaragua and founding that nation’s bicycle industry. From 1986-92 he led ITDP’s campaigns to reform World Bank and U.S. transportation policies and hired Walter Hook as ITDP Executive Director. He is an emeritus member of the Transportation Research Board Committee on Transportation in Developing Countries, which he helped found. He is author of the 1982 book, Bicycles and Public Transportation, a 1992 World Bank report, Non-Motorized Vehicles in Asian Cities: Issues and Strategies, and several hundred other articles and papers.
He is a strategic advisor to the Environmental Defense Fund, where he was transportation director from 1992-2009. He has advised dozens of metropolitan areas, states, and nations on transportation and environmental policy, planning, impact assessment and mitigation, travel modeling, intelligent transportation systems, pricing, and finance worldwide. He holds an M.S.E. and undergraduate honors degrees in Civil and Urban Engineering and Sociology, all from the University of Pennsylvania.
Lead Transport Specialist
Inter-American Development Bank
Fondo de Prevención Vial (FPV)
Lead Transport Specialist
Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
Head of Communications, Innovation and Development
Lake Sagaris is a writer, community activist and practitioner, now in her fourth year of doctoral work at University of Toronto. She moved to Chile more than 30 years ago and worked for 20 years, covering the movement for democracy against the Pinochet regime for the London Times, Toronto Globe and Mail, Miami Herald, CBC, CTV and other media. In the 1990s, with a return to elected government, she became active in neighbourhood issues. As an elected leader of the Bellavista neighbourhood association, she was one of a group of 25 grassroots market and neighbourhood associations that founded Living City, in 2000. She holds a Master’s of Science in Planning and Community Development (University of Toronto 2006).
Her research focuses on how citizen participation in urban transport and other planning can contribute to deepening democracy and improving sustainability of city living. This has also led her to examine issues of governance as they relate to participation, self-generated citizen organizations, and tools and spaces for building the citizen learning necessary for effective, robust organizations. She has also worked intensively on cycling inclusive transport planning and participatory strategies to build citizen support and demand for more sustainable transport systems.
Strategy Head, Urban Development and Accessibility
Sanjay is the Strategy Head – Urban Development and Accessibility at EMBARQ India. He is also the anchor for EMBARQ India’s work node in Bangalore. Under his leadership, EMBARQ India has started to work at the intersection of urban development and mobility; leading and managing participation in several projects, including metro rail accessibility, and bicycling and pedestrian infrastructure projects in Bangalore and Mumbai, and transit-oriented development and review of the master plan in the Hubli-Dharwad area. He has also been involved with influencing private developers to incorporate pedestrian and bicycle connectivity in their projects.
Sanjay has close to 14 years experience, spanning three continents, as an architect, urban development planner and urban policy expert. Prior to EMBARQ India, he was the India Director for Callison Architecture, a multi-disciplinary planning and design firm based in Seattle, where he was responsible for setting up the India office and grew it to a substantial size, in terms of staff, projects and client relationships. Before moving back to India, Sanjay worked in Seattle office for several years. He has also worked as an architect in Fresno, California where he was involved in dealing with several city and state issues such as the revision of the California State Accessibility Regulations and the Fresno Housing Policy. In addition, he has worked at a number of architectural and planning firms in India and the Netherlands.
Sanjay was the head of ABIDe Bengaluru’s Heritage Group, a body set up by the Chief Minister of Karnataka with the task of analysing Bangalore’s development and making recommendations for the same. He was responsible for putting together a draft framework and was the principal author of the Bangalore Heritage Policy – the first of its kind for the city. Sanjay has extensive experience in dealing with issues and challenges that are at the intersection of urban development and heritage settlement studies. He has worked on several projects in Bangalore, in the Northern Karnataka cities of Bidar and the UNESCO World Heritage Site at Pattadakal, where he served as coordinator and project lead for the projects. Recently, Sanjay was made the country coordinator for the Sustainable Cities Initiative, a programme funded by the Caterpillar Foundation. He is responsible for coordinating cross-programme initiatives that will come together for making Bangalore a sustainable city.
Ministry of Transport, Vice-Minister
Chief, Sustainable Energy and Climate Change Unit
Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
Board Chairman, International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT)
Michael P. Walsh is a mechanical engineer who has spent his entire career working on motor vehicle pollution control issues at the local, national and international level. For the first half of his career, he was in government service, initially with the City of New York and subsequently with the US Environmental Protection Agency. With each, he served as Director of their motor vehicle pollution control efforts.
Since leaving government, he has been an independent consultant advising governments and industries around the world. He served as co-chairman of the US EPA’s Mobile Sources Technical Advisory Subcommittee for the past 12 years and is actively involved in projects in Brazil, Hong Kong, India, Mexico, Thailand, and China. He has been a member of several National Academy of Science Committees. He is a recipient of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Lifetime Individual Achievement Award, the California Air Resources Board’s “Haagen Smit” award and was selected as a MacArthur Fellow for “extraordinary originality and dedication”. In 2009, he received the Silver Magnolia award for his service to the City of Shanghai. In 2010 he received the Friendship award, the highest award for international experts in China. He is the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the International Council on Clean Transportation.
Global Road Safety Manager
Shell International BV
Chris West completed his Doctorate in Ecology at the University of Oxford in 1984. During his doctorate he deployed his entrepreneurial skills to set up his own business in the environmental services sector. Following the successful UK and international growth of this “social enterprise” in 1992 he took on the position of senior environment adviser at the UK Department for International Development. As an adviser to UK ministers he worked with a wide variety of donors, governments, NGOs and businesses in over 60 developing countries and emerging economies. He has lived in both East and West Africa.
Chris was involved in early discussions around the creation of the Shell Foundation and joined shortly after its launch in 2000 as Deputy Director. In this role he reinforced an “enterprise-based” approach to developing and scaling up solutions to challenges arising from the impact of energy and globalisation on poverty and the environment. Drawing on his business and international development experience, Chris led the design and scale-up of SF’s core programmes. He played a leading role in co-founding GroFin, which is now the leading provider of business development assistance and appropriate finance to start-up and growing small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) in Africa. He was appointed SF Director in 2008.
Urban Transport Adviser
The World Bank
During a 36-year career, Sam has focused on rapid transit planning, transit economics and finance, and travel demand forecasting. Immediately before coming to the Bank in 2005, Sam was Principal, Transportation Planning for AECOM Technology's DMJM+HARRIS where his last major consultant engagement was manager of a project developing a BRT demonstration program for New York City . He also directed planning for a BRT "lite" system in York Region, Ontario, outside Toronto . Previous to DMJM+HARRIS, he had 28 years' of service with USDOT, including five with the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and 23 with the Federal Transit Administration (FTA). As FTA's Director of Planning, he played a key role in developing and implementing procedures for major transit investment planning, including the evaluation of competing proposals for Federal Transit "New Start" funding. He has consulted extensively on rapid transit and urban transport planning, planning procedures and policy worldwide and written numerous articles and papers. He was co-principal Investigator for the Transportation Research Board's Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Implementation Guidelines project, lead presenter for the U.S. National Transit Institute's BRT Training course and an adjunct professor at 3 Washington-area universities.